Study Guide

This study guide has been designed to provide you with some of the important information that you will need to know to do your best on Test 1: Basics and Safety Level 0 of the Equestrian Bahamas Online Horsemanship Quiz Challenge Series. Most of the information should be familiar to you, as you have probably already learned a great deal from your trainer in your lesson program.

We hope that you will find this study guide useful. Read it and study the material before logging on to take the Level 0 test. Have fun, learn lots, and good luck!


Horses come in many different colors. Here are some of the most common:

BAY: A bay horse is a brown-coloured horse with black points. Points are defined as the tips of the ears, muzzle, mane, tail and legs.   A dark bay is dark brown with black points.                                                                                                                                                                                         Bay                                                       Dark Bay
BLACK: A black horse is black in colour with black points   BROWN: A brown horse is a dark horse or nearly black in colour with brown points.                                                                           Black                                                    Brown
CHESTNUT: A chestnut horse is a reddish-ginger or copper with the same color or lighter mane, tail and legs.   A liver chestnut has a dark purplish hue.                 Chestnut                                              Liver Chestnut
GREY: White or grey coat with dark skin, eyes and muzzle. A grey horse is born as a darker grey and lightens with age, until he is nearly white.   Iron grey is a mixture of dark grey, black and white hairs.   Dappled grey has circles of darker colors generally on the hindquarters.   Flea-bitten grey has grey or chestnut specks throughout the body.      Grey                                                     Dappled Grey             Iron Grey                                             Flea-bitten Grey
ROAN: A dark coat with white hairs mixed in. Roans can be bay (bay and white), blue (black and white), strawberry (light chestnut and white) or red (chestnut and white).        Bay Roan                                               Blue Roan                                                                                                  Red Roan   Strawberry Roan                                  
DUN: A tan or mouse color with dark legs, dorsal stripe, mane and tail. May have zebra stripes on the legs.   BUCKSKIN: A dun with no dorsal stripe                Dun                                                   Buckskin
PALOMINO: Golden coat with a cream or silver mane and tail.                                                                Palomino    
PINTO: Large coloured patches of any colour and white. Note that “Paint” is the name of the colour breed, not a colour in itself. A pinto horse is not necessarily a Paint. Black and white pintos are known as piebalds. Any other color and white is a skewbald.               Piebald                                         Skewbald
APPALOOSA: Roan with patches of spots, or dark with light spots (snowflake), white with dark spots (leopard) or dark with a white blanket containing spots (blanket). Appaloosa is considered both a breed and a color.                                                                                                                                                             Leopard                           Snowflake                      Blanket


Safety is very important when working around horses. If a horse is startled or scared, the horse will try to run away. Horses are very large animals and it is easy to get hurt if you do not practice safety! Remember these important rules:


Ask for help
Keep gates and stall doors closed
Keep washstands and aisles clear
Approach a horse on his left hand side
Wear proper clothing
Wear protective footgear
Wear a helmet with buckled chin strap
Use a lead rope and hold it properly
Use a proper safety knotBe aware of your surroundings
Check your equipment before riding including girth and stirrups
Stand directly in front of or behind a horse
Kneel down next to a horse
Duck under a horse’s belly
Wear dangling jewelry
Wear headphones with wires
Leave hair loose
Clip a lead rope to a horse’s bit
Wrap a lead rope around your hand
Run, yell or throw things around horses
Chew gum while riding
Enter a horse’s stall if they are facing away from you